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Guide of Woodworking Machine: Tenoner Machine

On December 10, 2018, in Machine, Manufacturer, by Jasmie K.

Tenoner machines are woodworking machines that are used to produce tenons, projecting wooden members that fit into a mortise. Typically, tenoners are used with a router and equipped with router spindles. As high-production and high-output devices, tenoner woodworking machines may use automatic tool-changers to reduce setup times. Variable-speed router spindles permit the use of small-diameter tools for precision shaping. Tenoners with tool change magazines can hold up to 25 positions per spindle for added flexibility. These tenoning jigs may feature a personal computer (PC) front-end with memory, diagnostics, and a graphical user interface (GUI). Tenoners that use specialized, proprietary, or application-specific technologies are also available.


Types of Tenoner Woodworking Machines

There are two basic types of tenoner woodworking machines: single-ended tenoners and double-ended tenoners. Both types of equipment are equipped with multiple motors and several cutterheads. Specifications for the scribing head include horsepower (hp), shaft diameter, shaft length, vertical movement, horizontal movement, and tooling diameter. Although tenoner scribing-heads are optional, they are often used in applications that require a high degree of accuracy. The main cutterheads are equipped with four shear-cut, replaceable knives and two spur cutters. Additional specifications for tenoners include timber capacity with or without fence, maximum tenon length, top-block vertical and horizontal adjustments, table size, and table working weight.


Tenoning machines are designed to produce multiple tenons in batch cycles. Outputs may include round tenons, square tenons, and clipped tenons. Typically, tenoner woodworking machines are designed for either high-volume or flexible production. Modular bases and chain tracks allow for not just tenoning, but also for chamfering, drilling, folding, sanding, sizing, and squaring. To minimize problems posed by conventional chain-track systems, tenoners may use needle bearings that are permanently lubricated and permanently sealed. These woodworking machines may also have hardened cars and joining links. Optional features for tenoners may also include automatic in-feed and out-feed systems, and integration with modules that can transfer products to or from the tenoner machine.


If you are looking for high quality tenoner machine, I recommend you to visit Boarke Machine Co., Ltd. – they are the professional manufacturer of woodworking machines. You can find a variety of sanding machines and wood lathes. Now, check out their website and feel free to contact with Boarke for more details!


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Overview of Canning Machine Market

On December 7, 2018, in Machine, Manufacturer, by Jasmie K.

Food Canning Machine Market: Introduction

The most common method of food preservation is to enclose them in sterilized container or canning. This has encouraged the manufacturers to move into canning machine market as cans are as it is easy to open, distribute or reseal after use. Canning packaging is also moisture resistant which improves the quality of food which benefits both the consumers and manufacturers.


Preserving food is not just an art, it is a science. Food is preserved by halting the growth of micro-organisms. Fruits and vegetables may be at their peak at a certain part of the season. Food preservation is a method in which both cooked and raw food is stored in containers under high pressure which can be used later. One of the key advantages of canning packaging is that it is neat and clean and enhances the aesthetic quality of food.


In addition to this canning packaging retains freshness, and mainly their nutritious value remains intact. Canning packaging has a longer shelf life which enables the food to last long. Canning packaging has a low cost of storing and transportation that makes it the most economical solution for manufacturers which increases the sufficient margin for the suppliers.


Canning Machine Market: Market Dynamics

The key factor driving the manufacturers of canning machine market is that the consumers prefer for packaged food due to increasing fast lifestyle, freshness, convenience and hygiene. Adding to this, the important factor regarding the canning machine market is the government regulation and norms regarding the food safety and effective quality which is influencing the manufacturers to move into canning machine manufacturing. Also, the shelf life of canned food is long, so canning machine is preferred.


Metal canning offers a great resistant to shocks which make it more prominent to canning packaging. However some precautions must be taken into account like the cans are heavy, easily damaged and not microwaveable. Apart from that some of the hindrances in the canning machine is that not all fruits and vegetables can be canned because they don’t taste as they do when being fresh. One other factor is the time which can be daunting.


Canning Machine Market: Market Segmentation

Canning packaging can be segmented on the basis of systems, production capacity, end use industries, and region. On the basis of systems, canning machine market can be segmented into manual systems, semi- automated systems, automated systems. On the basis of production capacity canning machine market can be segmented into less than 50 CPM, 50-100 CPM, 100-200 CPM, 200-500 CPM, above 500 CPM. On the basis of end use industries canning machine market can be segmented into food and beverages, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, agriculture, etc.


Canning Machine Market: Regional Outlook

Canning packaging market has been segmented on the basis of a region into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa (MEA), and Latin America. Currently, the canning machine market is dominated by North America. The growth of the canning machine market is expected to witness a fair CAGR over the forecast period. Asia pacific market is also expected to grow at a steady rate due to change in lifestyle and more consumption of food and beverages.


If you have requirement of food canning machine, I sincerely recommend you to visit Shin I Machinery Works Co., Ltd. – they are the professional can making machine manufacturer in Taiwan. They have researched and manufactured kinds of can production lines to meet all customers’ needs. To get more information of canning machines, please do not hesitate to contact with Shin I Machinery.


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Casters are not just two small wheels in the front but extremely important in allowing the rotation of the wheelchair in all directions. The smooth functioning of the casters is a result of many small parts like thread guards, bearings, locks etc. How to select the right ones? Let’s find out.


Caster wheels play a vital role in the functionality and life of a wheelchair. While selecting a wheelchair, one should look for durability and comfort along with the right pair of casters.


When the casters aren’t checked for their quality, the wheelchairs end up with the tag of not living up to their required operation and durability. Casters add manoeuvrability to the wheelchair as they can swivel in all the directions. The casters are important to enable the maximum functionality of the wheelchair. While selecting a pair of casters for a wheelchair, one should take into consideration the size required and the type of use of the wheelchair (viz. rough uneven surfaces or smooth roads, indoors or outdoors).


The wheelchair casters regulate the function of steering and manoeuvring and it is important that only the correct style that suits one’s needs are purchased. Especially in case of shower and commode wheelchair, the uttermost priority of the users should be getting a pair of compatible casters. So far the medical casters are considered to be best suited for shower and commode wheelchair as they often have high load capacities, with low profiles and swivel resistance, to accommodate high patient weight while providing ease of operation over different floor types and through tight spaces. The design and durability of medical casters make them impeccable for use in the bathroom.


Advantages of Medical Casters In Shower Wheelchair:


Medical casters have a capacity to bear high weight and swivel resistance that help in the easy functionality of the wheelchair. Medical casters come with thread guards, sealed bearing and lock system.


  1. Thread Guard:

Thread guards are significant in providing a long life and functionality of the casters. The thread guards are metal or plastic discs fixed in place between the spanner bushing and caster leg to prevent loose threads (hair) from being coiled around the axle.


Lint, thread and other soft material have a tendency to work into caster wheel bearing. A caster with thread guard limits this tendency and overcomes this problem. The thread guard does not revolve and thus forces the thread to lie away from the wheel bearing. For a shower and commode wheelchair, a plastic thread guard is recommended. It improves the life of the caster as it avoids corrosion and coiling of hair when used in the bathroom environment.


  1. Bearings:

Most caster applications require the wheel to function with a bearing. There are numerous bearing options depending on the wheel design and the application being considered. Open case, metal sealed & rubber sealed. For shower and commode wheelchairs, rubber sealed bearings are recommended as they provide better protection from contamination and remain rust-proof. They enable easy and smooth rotation of the casters as the lubricants don’t get washed away easily.


  1. Total Lock:

Total Lock brake locks the wheel and swivels simultaneously. It is essential in a wheelchair while transferring the patient to and from the chair, as it ensures the chair won’t move around. It allows risk-free transfers for the patients as well as for the caregivers. The low angle pedal design makes the foot access comparatively easy for convenient operation and functionality of the wheelchair. A contemporary design features a thermoplastic construction that resists rust and corrosion. The brake design features durability with a thermoplastic pedal and provides a maintenance-free operation.


Managing Wheelchair Casters:


For the smooth ride of a wheelchair, one must maintain the casters. The worst nightmare of wheelchair user is a wheelchair breakdown. Frequently checking for cracks or damage and visible wear and tear is a must. Ignoring these signs can lead to an unwanted wheelchair breakdown and having to send the wheelchair for repairing.  With the right type and quality of casters and regular maintenance, this can be avoided. Wheelchair casters are easy to replace, they can be maintained either by the users or the caregivers.


If you need more choice of medical caster wheels, I recommend you to visit Enjoying Go Co., Ltd. – they are the professional caster wheel manufacturer in Taiwan. You can find kinds of casters including chair casters, design casters, locking casters, compression casters, industrial wheels, and more. Now, welcome to check out their website and feel free to contact with Enjoying Go for more details of medical casters!


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With hundreds of commodity and engineering resins available on the market today, the material selection process for plastic injection molding can often seem daunting at first. However, it is much easier to pick a plastic when you look into the overall characteristics that these plastics have to offer.


Below are the five popular types of resins used for plastic injection molding:


  • ABS

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is used in a wide range of industries, such as manufacturing, automotive, medical, and marine. It is an ideal material for structural applications when impact resistance, strength, and stiffness are required. It is widely used for machining pre-production prototypes since it has excellent dimensional stability and is easy to paint and glue.



  • Structural Strength & Stiffness
  • Chemical-Resistant
  • Excellent High & Low-Temperature Performance
  • Great Electrical Insulation Properties


Some factors to consider while using ABS is that molding it at a high temperature improves the gloss and heat resistance of the product whereas molding at a low temperature is where the highest impact resistance and strength are obtained.


  • Acetal

Acetal is a high-performance engineering polymer often used for parts that would otherwise be made of metal. All acetal are strong and durable making them apt for mechanical parts like gears and chain links. They are ideal for automotive, and construction applications.



  • Abrasion-Resistant
  • Low Moisture Absorption
  • High Strength & Stiffness
  • Creep Resistant


Few things to keep in mind before opting for Acetal. They are affected by strong acids or oxidizing agents but have high resistance to most chemicals.


  • Polypropylene

Regarded as one of the lightest and most versatile polymers, Polypropylene (PP) is made from the combination of propylene monomers. It is used in a variety of applications to include packaging for consumer products, household products, plastic parts for various industries including the automotive industry.



  • High Flexural Strength
  • Insulation
  • Low Coefficient Of Friction
  • Low Density
  • Heat-Resistant


Polypropylene’s characteristics make it ideal for tough, robust products ranging from protective car bumpers to life-saving medical tools. If you are opting for polypropylene, keep in mind that they are flammable and degraded by UV radiation.


  • High Impact Polystyrene

High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS) provides tough, low-cost performance and highly customizable surfaces: It can be printed, glued, bonded, and decorated easily. Due to the versatile nature of this material, they are suitable for applications in the cosmetics, display, food, medical, horticultural, industrial and custom thermoforming markets.



  • High Tensile Strength
  • Electrical Insulation
  • Impact-Resistant
  • Great Dimensional Stability


A major advantage is that it can be re-molded over and over again, which makes it environmentally friendly as it can always be recycled.


  • Low-Density Polyethylene

As the name suggests, Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) has a low density which means it has less mass compared to its volume. It is characterized by its short and long chain branching which gives it good clarity and process ability. LPDE can be found in many consumer goods, electronics, housewares, and medical products.



  • Moisture-Proof
  • Reduced Weight
  • Robust
  • Low Crystallization Capacity


Keep in mind that it is difficult to bond with other polymers, and should not be used in harsh weather or high-temperature applications.


Each type of plastic has their own properties, and it is extremely important to look at the overall defining characteristics before choosing a plastic for injection molding. If you believe a plastic is falling short of some properties, there is always fine tuning through the use of additives and fillers to get the material properties just right – that’s how you end up with over 85,000 types of plastics.


If you want to buy quality plastic resin, I recommend you to visit Great Eastern Resins Industrial Co., Ltd. (GRECO). They are the professional manufacturer of specializing in shoe adhesives and kinds of plastic raw materials.


Their PC / ABS blends possess excellent mechanical strength and heat resistance, and makes the product sparkling and shiny to become value-added.


Now, check out GRECO’s website to get more details of plastic raw materials.


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The following will help you identify the common question about sine wave inverter and modified sine wave inverter. Ok, let’s move on.


Frequently Asked Questions of Two Types of Sine Wave Inverters


  1. What is a Pure Sine Wave Inverter? And What is a Modified Sine Wave Inverter?


  • Pure Sine Wave Inverter:

The output voltage of a sine wave inverter has a sine wave-form like the sine wave-form of the mains / utility voltage. In a sine wave, the voltage rises and falls smoothly with a smoothly changing phase angle and also changes its polarity instantly when it crosses 0 Volts.


  • Modified Sine-wave Inverter:

In a modified sine wave, the voltage rises and falls abruptly, the phase angle also changes abruptly and it sits at 0 Volts for some time before changing its polarity.


  1. What Are The Advantages of Pure Sine Wave Inverters?

  • The output wave-form is a sine-wave with very low harmonic distortion and clean power like utility supplied electricity
  • Inductive loads like microwaves and motors run faster, quieter and cooler
  • Reduces audible and electrical noise in fans, fluorescent lights, audio amplifiers, TV, fax and answering machines
  • Prevents crashes in computers, weird print outs and glitches in monitors


  1. Which Devices Will Not Function Properly From A Modified Sine Wave Inverter?

Any device that uses a control circuitry that senses the phase (for voltage / speed control) or instantaneous zero voltage crossing (for timing control) will not work properly from a voltage that has a modified sine wave-form. Also, as the modified sine wave is a form of square wave, it is comprised of multiple sine waves of odd harmonics (multiples) of the fundamental frequency of the modified sine wave. For example, a 60 Hz. modified sine wave will consist of sine waves with odd harmonic frequencies of 3rd (180 Hz), 5th (300 Hz.), 7th (420 Hz.) and so on. The high frequency harmonic content in a modified sine wave produces enhanced radio interference, higher heating effect in motors / microwaves and produces overloading due to lowering of the impedance of low frequency filter capacitors / power factor improvement capacitors.


Some examples of devices that may not work properly with modified sine wave and may also get damaged are given below:

  • Laser printers, photocopiers, magneto-optical hard drives
  • The built-in clocks in devices such as clock radios, alarm clocks, coffee makers, bread-makers, VCR, microwave ovens etc. may not keep time correctly
  • Output voltage control devices like dimmers, ceiling fan / motor speed control may not work properly (dimming / speed control may not function)
  • Sewing machines with speed / microprocessor control
  • Transformer-less capacitive input powered devices like (i) Razors, flashlights, night-lights, smoke detectors etc. (ii) Re-chargers for battery packs used in hand power tools. These may get damaged. Please check with the manufacturer of these types of devices for suitability
  • Devices that use radio frequency signals carried by the AC distribution wiring
  • Some new furnaces with microprocessor control / Oil burner primary controls
  • High intensity discharge (HID) lamps like Metal Halide lamps. These may get damaged. Please check with the manufacturer of these types of devices for suitability
  • Some fluorescent lamps / light fixtures that have power factor correction capacitors. The inverter may shut down indicating overload


If you need more information of sine wave inverters, I recommend you to visit Power Master Technology Co., Ltd. – they are the professional manufacturer of specializing in power inverters and solar panels. Now, welcome to check out their website and feel free to contact Power Master for more details!


Article Source: Samlex America


Rigging Your Kayak for Fishing: Rod Holders

On November 27, 2018, in Manufacturer, Sport, by Jasmie K.

Kayaks are great tools to utilize for fishing. Kayaks can help you to explore new fishing areas that receive less fishing pressure and can potentially help you catch more fish.


Whether you just purchased your first kayak or are exploring new rigging solutions, this guide will help you to personalize your kayak for the most enjoyable experience possible while out on the water.


Rod Holders

The cost of rods and reels can really add up. It is not uncommon for the average angler to pay upwards of $300+ dollars for a single rod and reel combo. Whether or not you are one of those anglers, it is important to protect some of your most valuable tools when it comes to kayak fishing. After all, you cannot kayak fish without a fishing rod even if it is an old cane pole.


Flush Mount Rod Holders

You may have bought a kayak that was never intended for kayak fishing. That’s okay because you can easily outfit your kayak to become a new fishing machine. A great way to start is to add a Flush Mount Rod Holder Kit.


Flush mount rod holders are the most basic style of rod holder and are usually installed in pairs behind the seat in the transition valley from the cockpit to the tank well. They are often installed at a slight 45° angle so that you may easily access the rear tank well storage of your kayak or use them for trolling. The Flush Mount Rod Holder Kit comes with an integrated mounting surface for a pad eye, included in the kit, so that you may have an attachment point for a rod leash (not include in the kit). If you happen to flip your kayak and have your rods leashed, they will not be lost. We recommend using a rod leash when traversing in your kayak. We’ll go over leashes and other rod insurances in a moment.


Rod Holder Extender Kit

If your kayak already has flush mount rod holders, you may find that your reels are a little too close to the water and are getting wet. This often happens to kayak anglers who go through the surf to fish offshore or to kayaks that have a low profile. For kayak anglers who fish saltwater, this is not ideal as the saltwater can have a negative impact on the performance of your reels. One way to remedy this is to use Rod Holder Extenders. These rod holder extenders are a universal accessory that will fit into most flush mount rod holders whether they are molded in the kayak from the factory or deck mounted flush mount rod holders. Rod Holder Extenders elevates your rod 9 inches over the deck of the kayak keeping them high and dry, prolonging the performance and life of your fishing reels.


Build A Crate Rod Holders

Most kayak anglers re-purpose milk crates for basic storage on their kayaks. Milk crates are a great way to manage tackle and other items that you need immediate access to, but they lack in options. One of those options is rod storage. The kit comes with all the necessary installation hardware and comes in quantities of 1, 2 or 3 rod holders. Using these styles of rod holders makes it very quick and convenient to load and unload your kayak at the launch because all of your gear is in one easy to carry milk crate. For beginners, it is an easy way to get on the water and start fishing without drilling any holes in your kayak.


If you need more information of rod holders and other kayak fishing accessories, I sincerely recommend you to visit BroadPlast Industrial Co. – they are the professional manufacturer of specializing in kayak deck fittings. To get more details of rod holders, welcome to check out their website and feel free to contact with BroadPlast.


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When you purchased your lathe, you might not have known just what you were going to do with it or what options were available. Now that you’re gaining some experience, you’re realizing that all of those different chucks and accessories that were available could be quite beneficial for a variety of purposes.


However, sifting through the mountains of different parts, chucks, and accessories can overwhelm even the most experienced and harden lathe professional. I’ll guide you through some of the most common and popular accessories that you can choose from for your lathe.


What Is The Difference Between Chucks And Accessories?

A lathe chuck is the fitting upon with the wood, metal, or glass that you’ll be working will rest. The chuck is the part of the machine that turns, providing you the opportunity to shape the product in the precise manner that you want.


Different chucks will give you different options and opportunities for working the wood or metal (and yes, or the glass). Especially for metal working lathes, chucks can determine the threading spacing for certain projects, allowing you to create the perfect thread for the parts you’re attempting to create, such as bolts, camshafts, or other projects.


Accessories offer a breadth of options that can be added to your lathe or used to help enhance the experience, refine the process, or open doors to new opportunities to create even more exciting products using your lathe.


Different Choices for Chucks

Some lathe chucks use an integral thread for mounting it to the machine. These tend to be larger machines and are not likely to be used in a residential setting or by a hobbyist. Most other lathes use a back plate for mounting the chuck, which makes it easier to replace and try different chucks for various applications.


You can choose from:

  • 2 Jaw chucks
  • 3 Jaw chucks
  • 4 Jaw chucks
  • 6 Jaw chucks
  • Soft Jaw chucks
  • Independent jaw chucks
  • Combination jaw chucks
  • Drawtube actuated lathe chucks


The 2 through 6 jaw chucks are used with scroll type lathes and are manual actuated self-centering.


An independent 4 jaw chuck is not self-centering, but the individual jaws can be moved independently from one another. These chucks can be used to work on an irregular shaped part, or you can use it to set a piece off center for whatever reason that you would have in doing so.


Combination jaw chucks combine the self-centering action of the scroll chuck with independently moving jaws. This adds more flexibility with the ability to have the self-centering benefits. Drawtube actuated lathe chucks are powered using hydraulic or air cylinders to move the drawtube forward or backward. When the drawtube moves, it clamps or unclamps the jaws.


Each different type of lathe chucks can perform a wide range of tasks, opening the possibilities of incredible designs and processes. Many of the chucks mentioned here are more than the average beginner lathe worker will need or be able to get the most out of, but each one can be used in many standard lathe machines. The only drawback is that not all of these different types of lathes are available for mini or micro lathes.


Now, for the Accessories

There are a staggering number of lathe accessories that you can choose from. The challenge is trying to decide what you want and need. Some of the various lathe accessories that you can choose from are:


  • Faceplate
  • Mandrel
  • Lathe Dog
  • Collet
  • Knurling Tools
  • Machine Taper
  • Vertical Slides


Now, these are only a small selection, but they are the most commonly sought after and used accessories. I’m sure that, given the time, you’ll find a number of other accessories and turn around and say, ‘Hey, what about this one?’ I can’t write a full-length book about these accessories, so let’s stick with these for now.



The faceplate is an important accessory for any lathe because you can affix just about any shape or material to your lathe with the right faceplate. The faceplate will be circular and made of cast iron. It will contain holes that you can use to t-nuts to affix the work piece to it. Once you have the piece attached to the faceplate, you would then use threaded studs of the lathe itself.


The faceplate allows you to open up the possibilities for various starting shapes and even the finished products that you will design and create.



A mandrel is a clamp that is used to keep pieces of metal and wood in place as the turn on the lathe. There are a wide range of mandrels that you can choose from and it will depend on the type of work as well as the material that you’re working on to determine which one is right for you.

It is also possible to have custom made mandrels if you can’t find one that suits your specific needs. The more work you do with your lathe, the more you’ll realize the importance of mandrels.



A collet is a ring or clamp that is used to affix the work piece to the lathe. These collets are externally threaded onto the lathe and usually have a holding capacity that ranges from zero (0) to seven (7) inches in diameter. They are also designed to hold various shapes, such as circular, square, and hexagonal.


Knurling Tools

When you want to press a specific pattern or shape into a work piece in order to guarantee its usability, such as grip patterns for hammers and other tools, you’ll want to use a knurling tool. A rubber mallet is a good example of a tool that has grooved edges to benefit the gripping pattern and this is accomplished by using knurling tools.

Knurling tools are used in conjunction with other lathing tools and should never be considered a replacement of other tools in the process of creating objects with the lathe.


Machine Taper

When you want to bind other tools to the lathe’s spindle, you will be using a machine taper. These accessories are popular because they tend to be inexpensive and easy to install. They provide you with a range of options and flexibility to be able to hold various tool bits in place.


Vertical Slides

When you want to mill on a lathe, you’ll likely want to use a vertical slide. The vertical slide is connected to a cross slide by using a clamp. Both sides are then attached on a bracket and then to the steel plate of the lathe. With vertical slides, you can cut bevel gears. This can mean that you can mill at an angle.


Hopefully this list provides you with a starting point to determining which chucks and lathe accessories to choose from for your wonderful lathing experience.


If you need more choice and information of lathe chucks, welcome to visit Chandox Precision Industrial Co., Ltd. – they are the professional manufacturer of specializing in power chucks, scroll chucks, super thin chucks, and DIN chucks. To get more information of chucks, please do not hesitate to contact with Chandox.


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Choosing The Right Wheels

Once you’ve decided it’s time for a wheel upgrade, how do you know how to select the best bicycle wheel sets? It’s actually pretty straightforward. You already know what bike they’re for, so simply check the label on the tire to find the size. Write that down. That’s the tire size but also the wheel size and it’s the starting point for getting the right wheels. If you’re not sure you can also just ride by the shop and we’ll take a look and tell you.


Next think about what you want these new wheels to do for you. Maybe you’re replacing old, bent wheels and looking for a set that’ll hold up better to the way you ride. You could be looking for an easier ride from some lighter, better-designed wheels. Or, it could be a second set of “event” wheels to give you an advantage on certain types of courses, or race wheels to replace your heavier, slower training wheels on the big day. If you can tell us what you’re looking for in wheels we can point you toward a perfect pair.


Options and Tips On Deciding

Following are some of the common features found on today’s road, tri and mountain wheels, and some guidelines to help you determine what’s best for you, your bicycle and your riding.


  • Wheel Types

Obviously, there are wheels for the dirt and different wheels for the road so that’s one starting point. If you’re looking at off-road wheels you decide, based on your bike, whether they’re disc-brake specific or ready for rim brakes. The difference is that wheels for discs have hubs that accept the rotors (what the disc brakes grab), and usually have rims without a true braking surface, which saves weight at the rim.


Rim-brake wheels don’t have any provision for attaching rotors and feature rim sides made to withstand the wear and tear of rim brakes. Note that if you need wheels to use on two bikes, one with discs, one with rim brakes, you can find those too. They’ll have a rim made for braking and a hub setup to accept rotors.


When it comes to wheels for the road, there are all-around models made to deliver excellent ride quality and durability that work great for upgrading an old pair. There are also models designed to give you some free speed according to how you use them. For example there are climbing wheels that are built lighter for easier ascending, aero wheels practically invisible to the wind and all-around road wheels that combine lightness, aerodynamics and a compliant ride.


  • Tube or Tubeless

Another choice is whether to get dedicated “tubeless” wheels or standard models. Tubeless means that the rim is made to provide an airtight seal for use with tubeless tires. This is important since you run tubeless tires without inner tubes, which allows running lower pressures for a smoother ride and more traction and control.


It’s possible with a conversion kit to install tubeless tires on standard wheels, however, getting the dedicated wheels made for tubeless means easier tire installation and no need for the special conversion rim strips. So, if you enjoy riding tubeless on the pavement or dirt, you should consider upgrading to tubeless wheels. Note that these wheels all accept standard tires with tubes too.


  • Tubular Wheels

If you race the road you might want to consider “tubular” wheels, which are the lightest available and most unusual. They require special tires called “tubulars” or “sew-ups” (because the tire is actually sewn together around the tube). These tires have truly round profiles and they are installed by gluing them to the rim. Proponents of this design love the quickness and suppleness of these featherweight, round-profile tires and don’t mind the more difficult mounting procedure.


  • Rim Shape

The shape of the rim has a lot to do with how the wheel rides. The stiffer the rim the more you feel the road and trail. And, the more triangulated and deep (tall) a rim is, the more rigid the ride. Most of the time, on smooth surfaces you’ll notice stiffness less than on rougher ones. And, stiffness is a good thing for racing and hammering because more of your power makes it to the road.


If you’re looking for slippery wheels for an advantage racing triathlons or time trials, or even for getting maximum rest sitting in the pack at your road races and then sprinting faster for the line, look at wheels with deep-section rims, which can be as tall as 90mm or more. For lighter weight and better handling in crosswinds, check out wheels with smaller profiles like 28mm.


Besides how deep the rim is, the width makes a difference too. Wider rims (about 23mm) tend to offer a nicer ride and more durability since they spread the tire sides allowing more air and flotation. Meanwhile, narrower (usually 19mm) means more aero advantages and lighter weight.


  • Hubs

Wheels spin on the hubs, which are the component at the center of the wheel where the spokes originate. They have bearings and axles inside, and on the drivetrain side either threads for cogs or a “freehub,” that the cluster of gears (called the “cassette”) mounts on. Cassettes are sold separately.


Come Check Out Some Wheels In Person

Hope these basic tips take some of the mystery out of wheel shopping. If you need more information of bicycle wheel sets, I can recommend you to visit Bevato International Corp. – they are the professional bicycle parts manufacturer in Taiwan. You can find kinds of high-quality bicycle frames, front forks, bar ends, and much more accessories at BEV. Now, welcome to check out their website and feel free to contact with BEV for more details!


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Air blow guns attach to air lines for the manual actuation and/or control of air discharge. They are used primarily for:


  • Debris Removal and Purging
  • Non-Contact Part Cleaning and Drying
  • General Laboratory or Industrial Applications


Most air blow guns are made of plastic or metal and include an ergonomic grip or handle. A steady stream of compressed air is delivered through a sturdy metallic nozzle. Air blow guns that are equipped with an internal fail-safe pressure mechanism shut off automatically if the gun is dropped or the lip is blocked. Integral pressure relief valves are used to blow off excess pressure before discharge. In the United States, products that meet or exceed standards from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) are commonly available. Typically, manufacturers indicate whether products are suitable for high volume applications, or include a threaded discharge port or vacuum attachment.



Specifications for air blow guns include pressure capacity and airline connection type. Pressure capacity, or maximum rated pressure, is rated at the air inlet and measured in pounds per square inch (psi). Many types of airline connectors are available. Quick-release connectors contain fittings that are attached internally. By contrast, push-on connectors include barbed ferrules. Air blow guns use several types of national pipe thread (NPT) connectors, most of which are inch-based and female. Important NPT measurements include threads per inch (TPI) and outside diameter (OD):


  • 1/8 in. NPT connectors have 27 TPI and an OD of 0.405 in.
  • 1/4 in. NPT connectors have 18 TPI and an OD of 0.540 in.
  • 3/8 in. NPT connectors also have 18 TPI, but an OD of 0.675 in.
  • 1/2 in. connectors have 14 TPI and an OD of 0.840 in.


#10-32 NPT threads are also available. Air line connections that can swivel or pivot are suitable for applications that require versatile positioning.



Air blow guns vary in terms of nozzle type and actuation style. Standard safety nozzles are suitable for general-purpose applications. Small-diameter nozzles can be inserted into tight openings. Nozzles with rubber tips prevent the marring of surfaces while nozzles with flexible tips can be guided directly to the application point. Air blow guns with extended, straight nozzles provide longer reach. Devices with extended, angled nozzles are designed for use in difficult-to-reach locations. Venturi nozzles contain small holes that allow the discharge to draw ambient air to increase the airflow. Air screens are often used to minimize particle blowback. In terms of actuation, most air blow guns include a discharge lever that is in-line with the air hose and actuated by the thumb. Pistol or trigger-style devices are also available. With these devices, the actuator is located at a right-angle to the air supply hose and incorporates an ergonomic handle. Button-actuated air blow guns are also available.


If you need more information of air blow guns, I recommend you to visit Kspark International Ltd. – they are the manufacturer of specializing in air tools, such as air sander, air spray gun, air wrench, etc. To get more details of air blow guns, welcome to check out their website and feel free to contact with Kspark.


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Knowing what cartridges work in your printer is incredibly important. Order the wrong product and you might end up costing your company hundreds of dollars or at least an inconvenient return shipment if the error is caught in time. Ink and toner are two completely different kinds of printer cartridges, each with their own distinct advantages and disadvantages. If you’re looking to learn more about your printer cartridges or looking for a new printer and you’re on the fence about what to buy, this article below will tell everything you need to know. Keeping reading to become your office’s ink and toner expert!


What’s The Difference?

In a nutshell, ink cartridges contain liquid and are used by inkjet printers and toner cartridges contain powder and are used by laser printers.


The ink inside an ink cartridge can be either dye-based or pigment-based, depending on which cartridge you have. Most inkjet printers on the market traditionally include dye-based inks. They are more economical than pigment based ink cartridges and are appreciated for their ability to produce vibrant, true to life color prints and photos.  Dye-based inks are not waterproof and can be susceptible to smudging, with many prints tending to fade after 25 years. Pigmented-based ink offers a crisper finish and a quicker dry-time than dye-based ink. It is valued by professional photographers and graphic designers for its ability to print archival quality images and text. Pigment ink also tends to resist water and UV light better than dye-based ink, and is able to resist fading for up to 200 years.


Toner is a dry powdery substance that won’t stain like an ink cartridges, but it can get messy if handled improperly. Monochrome laser printers print with just a black toner cartridge. Color laser printers use four separate black, cyan, magenta and yellow toner cartridges to produce a print. The drum unit is another very important term you should also be familiar with, because without it, you won’t be able to print!  The drum works with the toner cartridge to fuse the toner powder to paper. A drum unit can be built into the toner cartridge or sold separately as a single unit, depending on the consumable requirements of your printer. Toner cartridges with a built-in drum unit are generally more expensive than a single toner cartridge but most consumers find them more convenient because you never have to worry about replacing the drum. Every time you buy a new toner, you are essentially replacing the drum. Separate drum units can typically be replaced after the use of 3-4 toners.


Who Should Use It?

Now the big question, which printer is right for you? It all boils down to your printing needs!


Inkjet Printer Advantages and Disadvantages…


Many families, photographers and small home offices prefer inkjet printers. Every inkjet machine prints text, color images and photos. All-in-one inkjets include some combination of fax, scan and copy functionality too. If you plan to print at a small volume on a regular basis or are in need of quality photos, they are a solid choice.  However if you are not careful, cartridge replacement may get pricey (more on that later). There are two common ink cartridge combinations. Some printers require just two ink cartridges, a black and tri-color. The tri-color handles your color prints, but the downside is you’ll need to replace the entire cartridge if one color is running low.  Other printers use individual ink cartridges. You’ll find most printers require a black, cyan, magenta and yellow cartridge but some photo printers may require additional cartridges like a light cyan or light magenta.


Laser Printer Advantages and Disadvantages…


Consumers with high volume printing needs will likely want to go with a laser printer.  These machines are best suited for small-medium businesses and schools that print a lot of text heavy documents and color prints. Although the technology seems to be improving every year, photo printing is not recommended on a laser printer. Due to the powdery nature of the toner cartridge, photos can’t reproduce the same tonal distinctions as an inkjet printer and photos tend to end up looking dull. We aren’t saying photos can’t be printed with a laser, but if you are photographer, you’ll likely be dissatisfied with the results. We recommend buying a monochrome laser printer if you just need to print in black. Color laser printers are available for those needing to add a a bit of color to everyday documents. Similar to the all-in-ones mentioned previously, multifunction laser printers provide print, scan, copy and fax capabilities.  Practically every printer these days is Wi-Fi ready as well, meaning you can print wirelessly from your laptop, tablet or smartphone.


Which Printer Cartridge Is Right For Me?

Deciding what features and print options you are looking for in a printer is just part of the story. The cost of printer cartridges is an equally important factor to consider and often overlooked by first-time printer buyers. It is no secret that cartridges can be expensive. Cartridge price, cartridge size and the number of pages you get from a cartridge varies wildly across printer models and what printer you choose can ultimately make or break a printing budget, depending on the cost efficiency of its cartridges. First time buyers are often swayed by a big box store’s weekly printer sale, only to later find out that cartridge replacements cost twice as much as the printer.  Please don’t get stuck in that trap. Before you buy, map out operating costs for the life of the printer and make sure those costs line up with your printing needs and budget. We will show you what to look out for here:


Cartridge Cost Considerations

  • Page Yield

Every cartridge offers a specific page yield, or an estimated number of pages you can expect to get from a cartridge. Page yield is different for every cartridge series and is based off 5% page coverage. In order to hold manufacturers accountable to the same standards, every cartridge is subjected to page yield testing based on ISO/IEC 24711 specifications. This test helps determine what the page yield of an ink cartridge will be, giving customers a reliable way to compare competing products.


  • Cartridge Size

Cartridges come in a couple of different sizes so understandably their page yields vary. High yield or XL cartridges print much more than a standard cartridge and are generally a better value for consumers with high volume printing needs. Standard yield cartridges are less expensive than high yield cartridges and are good option for consumers that print occasionally.


  • Cost Per Page

Cost per page is the dollar value you will be spending per page to print a document.  To determine the cost per page for a particular printer, check the printer’s cartridge yield. Cartridges with a higher page yield are generally more efficient in the long term.


Until here, have you understand the difference of ink and toner cartridges? If you have interest in learning more information of toner cartridges, I recommend you to visit Cartridge Web™ – they are the professional manufacturer of specializing in remanufactured toner cartridges and compatible toner cartridges. Learn more details, welcome to check out their website and feel free to contact with Cartridge Web™.


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