Furniture caster wheels add a degree of mobility and functionality to furniture that you just can’t get when it is standing directly on the ground. They are especially handy for chairs and carts (or for turning tables into carts).


Whether you are trying to replace casters on an object that has already been on casters or you are trying to add them to a piece of furniture that has never had them, there is a surprising amount to consider before you make a purchase.


Tips For Buying The Right Casters For Furniture

For many of us, the world of caster wheels is more or less a mystery. You will probably be surprised at just how many different factors can affect the performance and functionality of something as seemingly mundane as a caster wheel. So to help demystify the shopping process, we’ve broken it down into the different factors that you will need to consider before buying caster wheels for furniture:


Choose The Correct Material For The Floor

Caster wheels can be made of just about any material ranging from nylon to forged steel. But not all materials are equally effective at rolling on all surfaces. Here’s a general guide to which materials you want to choose from based on the type of floor that they will be rolling on:


  • Finished wood floor: plastic, rubber, urethane coated iron
  • Finished concrete floor: plastic, rubber, urethane coated iron
  • Ceramic tile: plastic, rubber, urethane coated iron
  • Vinyl, asphalt, or rubber tile: plastic, rubber, urethane coated iron
  • Oil, grease, solvents: iron, steel, urethane coated iron, high temperature nylon
  • Alkaline and inorganic: high temperature nylon, urethane plastic, urethane coated iron
  • Metal chips on floor: steel, iron, polyolefin


Basically, for most home uses, you will want to stick with rubber or plastic caster wheels for furniture. These materials are soft enough to roll without scratching up or damaging most floor surfaces in the home. The only exception might be the garage in the event that there is oil, grease, or other solvents on the floor. In this case, you’d be better with metal caster wheels for furniture such as iron or steel.


Check The Load Capacity

As a general rule, the heavier and more dense the material, the higher the load capacity. However, you don’t just want to get whatever has the highest load capacity. You don’t need heavy duty forged steel caster wheels for an office chair, for example. They would be unnecessary and could end up damaging the floor.


So, if you can’t precisely weigh the piece of furniture that needs caster wheels, try to at least estimate it within a range and then get wheels that can withstand that capacity.


Choose The Correct Diameter And Tread Width

The diameter of the wheel influences both the load capacity and the mobility of the furniture. If you need something to roll around easily—like a cart, for example—you want a larger wheel because this will roll easier.


If you want something to be mostly stable in one place, you’ll want a smaller diameter so it doesn’t roll out of place so easily.


However, you can’t go too small because smaller wheels cannot withstand the same weight as larger wheels. While material is the strongest influence on wheel capacity, diameter also plays a role. Here is a quick breakdown of the smallest diameter you can go based on the weight of the piece of furniture in question:


  • 3 inches for furniture weighing between 20 and 250 pounds.
  • 4 inches for furniture weighing between 250 and 500 pounds.
  • 5 inches for furniture weighing between 500 and 1000 pounds.
  • 6 inches for furniture weighing between 1000 and 1500 pounds.
  • 8 inches for furniture weighing between 1500 and 2000 pounds.
  • 10 inches for furniture weighing between 2000 and 3000 pounds.


You can go bigger than the recommended diameters given above but never go smaller for a given weight range.


Choose The Correct Mounting Type

If your furniture already has caster wheels and you’re simply replacing them, you want to get the same mounting type as the current wheels. If you are adding caster wheels to furniture that has never had them, you have freedom to choose how they mount. But do note that once you pick a mounting type, you will need to stick with that when it comes time to buy replacements.


There are 3 main mounting types to choose from:


  • Plate mount. In this case, make sure that both the plate size and the pattern of the bolt holes match the original caster wheel’s plate mount.
  • In this case, dimensions are not really important and there are no bolts so no concern about matching patterns.
  • Stem mount. In this case, you need to make sure you choose the same stem style. It will either be threaded, expandable, or a grip ring?


One of the easiest ways to make sure you get the right mounting type is to just remove one of the caster wheels and take it with you when you are shopping.


Verify The Additional Features

Yes, additional features do exist on caster wheels!


For example, you can choose between a fixed or swivel wheel. Fixed wheels role back and forth in a single direction. Swivel wheels can rotate so that you can easily move the object in any direction you like. You can even find a combination wheel that can swivel into the required direction and then be locked in that direction so that you don’t accidentally role it too much to one side as you are going forward.


Another option you can choose is to have a locking mechanism. This is a mechanism that can be engaged to stop the wheel from rolling. This is useful if you need to role the object into place and then want to stop it from rolling out of place again. There are a few different kinds of locking mechanisms available.


Some also come with foot guards that will effectively prevent the wheels from rolling over your feet. That means no risk of crushing your feet underneath the weight of your dresser! And if you are worried about accidentally bumping into walls or other pieces of furniture and causing damage, you can also add bumpers that will prevent damage in the case of any such collision.


Think About Appearance

For industrial purposes or for garage equipment, the aesthetics of the wheels really don’t matter. These are just purely utilitarian. However, for furniture inside the home, you probably want to strike a nice balance between functionality and appearance.


In this case, you can get rustic caster wheels for furniture that will add a unique and interesting look to your furniture. These vintage caster wheels for furniture can also look more natural or coordinated with a vintage or antique piece.


If you’ve got a pretty modern or minimalist aesthetic going, then plain plastic or rubber in a suitable color will be enough to maintain a cohesive look. But for those unique older pieces, you want caster wheels that won’t look obviously out of place.


Final Word

Caster wheels are super functional and in some cases they can even add a new level of aesthetics to an elegant antique piece of furniture. However, there are a surprising number of things to consider before you buy a set of caster wheels. You want to make sure they will actually work with the furniture item you intend to mount them on.


But once you know what kind of load capacity you need, what kind of materials work best for your floors, and other important factors, you can purchase with 100% confidence, knowing that you have chosen the very best caster wheels for your purposes!


Learn more information about furniture caster wheel, please do not hesitate to check out the website of ENJOYING GO Co., Ltd. You can find a variety of caster wheels on their product pages including chair caster, design caster, locking caster, and compression caster, etc. Feel free to send inquiry or contact with ENJOY.



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