Glass fibers and fiberglass fabric consist of bulk, chopped fibers or continuous strands of glass. Glass fibers and fiberglass fabric is used in reinforcing plastics and composites as well as other specialized electrical and thermal applications. Fiberglass cloth is frequently used to reinforce other plastic materials. Glass fiber reinforced plastic (GRP) or glass fiber reinforced epoxy (GRE) are commonly called fiberglass.

 

The glass fiber used to create fiberglass material is made by extruding very thin strands of silica-based monofilament. Glass is a unique amorphous solid, meaning it doesn’t have an underlying crystalline structure in the solid state, but rather behaves like a very viscous liquid. Glass fiber lends itself to woven fabric because the thin fibers can easily bend. Fabric made of glass fibers has high tensile strength, dimensional stability, high heat and fire resistance, as well as resistance to many chemical compounds. Fiberglass fabric is also used to dissipate heat, and has electrical properties that make it useful in electronic components.

 

Applications

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabrics are commonly used in composite construction, including materials used in boat building. Light weight fiberglass cloth is used with a resin to produce a waterproof surface. Heavier woven fiberglass fabric can be used for greater strength and rigidity.

 

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabrics are also used to create combination or specialty fabrics. Glass fibers and fiberglass fabric may be combined with carbon fiber or aramid fibers to make laminates and moldable fabrics for canoes, kayaks, and other high strength, low weight applications.

 

Standards

Glass fibers and fiberglass fabrics must adhere to certain standards and specifications to ensure proper design and functionality.

 

Delphi DX300340 – This specification covers the properties of a Polyamide 6, 40% glass filled, impact resistance modified injection molding grade used for the manufacture of parts that require high stiffness and toughness under extreme conditions (Example: airbag containers).

 

GMW15890 – This specification covers the properties of polypropylene reinforced with long glass fibers. It covers injection molding types for manufacturing of technical parts requiring high structural stiffness.

 

JIS C 6832 – This standard specifies the dimensions, transmission requirements, mechanical requirements, environmental requirements and the test methods of silica glass multimode optical fibers using silica glass as a core and a cladding.

 

Taiwan Electric Insulator Co. Ltd. is a world leading manufacturer of fiberglass fabrics and composite materials, with the technology, knowledge and ability to produce the highest grade composite material to specific customers’ needs and requirements. Welcome to visit TEI’s website to learn more information about fiberglass fabrics, and feel free to contact with us.

 

 

Article Source: http://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/materials_chemicals_adhesives/composites_textiles_reinforcements/glass_fibers_fiberglass_cloth

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