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How to Choose the Best Waterproof Socks

On April 24, 2018, in Manufacturer, Sport, by Jasmie K.

If you are an outdoor enthusiast, having your feet warm and dry is a top priority. When you are engaging in water sports, hiking through mountainous terrain in extremely cold temperatures, or wading through a glacial river, having cold and wet feet can make for a miserable experience.


Waterproof socks can keep sweat and moisture away from your feet, and give you that extra level of comfort and support so that you can enjoy your favorite outdoor adventure. They are also very versatile and can be used for a wide range of outdoor activities:


  • Hiking and Mountaineering
  • Cycling
  • Fishing
  • Kayaking
  • Hunting
  • Backpacking
  • Trail running
  • Skiing and Snowboarding
  • Snorkelling
  • Everyday sporting activities


How to Choose the Best Waterproof Socks

The best waterproof socks can keep your feet warm and dry, but they also need to be breathable and keep your feet free of bacteria that can produce nasty odors, and they need to fit snugly on your feet.


There are a lot of different varieties to choose from, so here are seven things to consider when looking for your new waterproof socks that will be your perfect fit for your next outdoor adventure or sporting activity.


  1. Waterproof or Water Resistant

Although the socks may be advertised as 100% waterproof, their waterproofing ability can change from brand to brand, also it can depend on what type of material they are made out of, and what you will be using the socks for.


Some waterproof socks can handle full or partial immersion in water for a certain amount of time, or they may be specifically designed for exposure to water, for activities like surfing, diving or snorkeling. While other brands may only give you a low level of protection from a light drizzle of rain, making them ideal for cycling or sporting activities.


Other socks may be ideal for hiking, but they may not fully protect you from water if you are wading through an icy river, but they may have other very attractive features. They may have material that is quick drying and can give you very good insulation in snowy weather conditions.


  1. Sock Construction

  • Outer Layer/Outer Shell

Waterproof socks are usually made from a three-layered construction that can provide the best level of waterproofing for your feet. The three layers of material make them strong and durable and allow them to withstand cold and wet conditions.


The outer layer or shell can be made from hard wearing and tough materials such as Nylon, which is designed to be abrasion resistant and it has the ability to dry fast.


Nylon can also be combined with another synthetic material like Lycra, which can give you a greater level of comfort and a better fit. Nylon and Lycra also help the waterproof running socks to retain their shape and provide good arch support.


Overall, synthetic materials may dry faster and be more effective at expelling moisture, but they are less comfortable in hot conditions and may not provide a good level of insulation when they are fully immersed in water.


  • Inner Lining

The inner layer provides comfort, insulation, and wicks the sweat away from your feet, keeping them warm and dry.


Merino wool is a very good material for the inner lining as it is thermostatic, which means it can regulate its own temperature, allowing your feet to stay comfortable in cool and warm conditions. Wool can also absorb up to 30% of its weight in water and can expel any buildup of moisture, so it can keep your feet dry in most conditions.


The only downside of Merino wool is that it dries slower than synthetic material, and it can be more expensive.


Some manufacturers also use Gore-Tex®, which is a high-quality fabric that features revolutionary patented technology that makes the sock’s material windproof, waterproof and breathable. They may use Gore-Tex as the primary material or they may use it for the lining.


The only downside of Gore-tex is that it is not very flexible and can make the sock very tight and hard to put on.


Gore-tex is rated as one of the best types of material for a waterproof sock, so if you are hiking in extremely cold temperatures and need to cross glacial rivers, Gore-Tex can give you a very good level of thermal and water protection.


Lycra can sometimes be combined with other materials like CoolMax®, elastane or acrylic that makes the sock’s lining more lightweight and breathable, which is great for expelling any odors.


In particular, Lycra stretches more than other types of material, so it is ideal for preventing blisters when you are engaging in sporting activities and for when you need that extra flexibility in movement.


  • Breathable Membrane

Some waterproof socks have an extra layer or breathable membrane between the outer layer and the inner layer. This inner membrane can be made from hydrophilic or Porelle membrane that helps to repel perspiration or moisture away from your skin, while also adding an extra level of insulation, and keeping any nasty odors away.


  1. Neoprene

Neoprene is thick, synthetic polyester that is similar to rubber and is used in wetsuits. Neoprene can protect your feet from sharp rocks, and it is especially ideal for protection in very cold temperatures. Wet Socks like the Lifemall Water Sock uses Neoprene and they also feature an anti-slip sole, which is designed to give you very good traction on slippery surfaces.


  1. Padding

Padding on the heel and ball of the foot provides you with extra cushioning and support. This is especially important if you are climbing over rocks or hiking over uneven terrain, or for when you are cycling for long period. But be aware that extra padding can also make your shoe or boot too tight.


  1. Arch and Ankle Reinforcements

Some socks offer a reinforced weave in the arch to improve support. If are going to be doing a lot of physical activity or you have high arches, arch reinforcements like an elasticated ankle or instep can give you that extra level of protection.


  1. Over-Socks

Some waterproof socks are thick enough to be worn on their own, especially if it is a Wet Sock, but other socks are designed to be worn over another sock, so for extra protection and support, wear a thermal or woolen sock underneath.


  1. Outdoor Activities

The type of waterproof socks that you choose will depend on what type of activity you will be using them for. If you love diving, snorkeling or water sports, and then a tough Neoprene Wet Sock is a good choice.


For hiking or mountaineering in icy conditions, choose a sock that is made from Gore-tex lining or has Merino wool lining, which has good insulation properties for extremely cold temperatures. Aside from water resistant or waterproofing properties, good ankle and foot support are important for when you are walking over uneven terrain or climbing.


If you need excellent quality waterproof breathable socks for running, hiking, mountaineering, please do not hesitate to check out the website of Footland Inc. – the company specializes in manufacturing kinds of waterproof socks. Get more information, welcome to send inquiry to Footland Inc.


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Do You Know What Prepregs Are?

On April 23, 2018, in Chemical, Manufacturer, by Jasmie K.

Understanding the Basics of Prepregs


Prepreg composite materials are becoming increasingly common in the composite industry due to their ease of use, consistent properties, and high-quality surface finish. However, there is much to understand about prepregs prior to committing to using this material.


What are Prepregs?

The term “prepreg” is actually an abbreviation for the phrase pre-impregnated. A prepreg is an FRP reinforcement that is pre-impregnated with a resin.


Most often, the resin is an epoxy resin, however other types of resins can be used, including the majority of thermoset and thermoplastic resins. Although both are technically prepregs, thermoset and thermoplastic prepregs are dramatically different.


Thermoplastic Prepregs

Thermoplastic prepregs are composite reinforcements (fiberglass, carbon fiber, aramid, etc.) that are pre-impregnated with thermoplastic resin. Common resins for Thermoplastic prepregs include PP, PET, PE, PPS, and PEEK. Thermoplastic prepregs can be provided in unidirectional tape, or in fabrics that are woven or stitched.


The primary difference between thermoset and thermoplastic prepreg is that thermoplastic prepregs are stable at room temperature, and generally, do not have a shelf life. This is a direct result of the differences between thermoset and thermoplastic resins.


Thermoset Prepregs

More commonly used in prepreg composite manufacturing is thermoset prepregs.


The primary resin matrix used is epoxy. However, other thermoset resins are made into prepregs including BMI and phenolic resins.


With a thermoset prepreg, the thermosetting resin starts as a liquid and fully impregnates the fiber reinforcement. Excess resin is precisely removed from the reinforcement.


Meanwhile, the epoxy resin undergoes a partial curing, changing the state of the resin from a liquid to a solid. This is known as the “B-stage.”


In the B-stage, the resin is partially cured, and usually tacky. When the resin is brought up to an elevated temperature, it often returns briefly to a liquid state prior to hardening completely. Once cured, the thermoset resin which was in the b-stage is now fully cross-linked.


Advantages of Prepregs

Perhaps the greatest advantage of using prepregs is their ease of use. For example, say one is interested in manufacturing a flat panel out of carbon fiber and epoxy resin. If they were to use liquid resin in a closed molding or open molding process, they would be required to obtain a fabric, the epoxy resin, and the hardener for the epoxy. Most epoxy hardeners are considered hazardous, and dealing with resins in a liquid state can be messy.


With an epoxy prepreg, only one item needs to be ordered. An epoxy prepreg comes on a roll and has the desired amount of both resin and hardener already impregnated in the fabric.


Most thermoset prepregs come with a backing film on both sides of the fabric to protect it during transit and preparations. The prepreg is then cut to the desired shape, the backing is peeled off, and the prepreg is then laid into the mold or tool.


Both heat and pressure are then applied for the specified amount of time. Some of the most common types of prepregs take an hour to cure, at around 250 degrees F, but different systems are available at both lower and higher cure temperatures and times.


Disadvantages of Prepregs

  • Shelf Life

Since the epoxy is in a B-stage, it is required to be stored either refrigerated or frozen prior to use. Additionally, the overall shelf life can be low.


  • Cost Prohibitive

When manufacturing composites through a process such as pultrusion or vacuum infusion, the raw fiber and resin are combined on site. However, when using prepregs, the raw material must first be prepregged. This is most often done off-site at a specialized company that focuses on prepregs. This added step in the manufacturing chain can add increased cost, and in some instances close to double the material cost.


If you need more product information about epoxy prepreg, please do not hesitate to check out the website of Epolab Chemical Industries Inc. – the company provides various epoxy compounds, epoxy composite, and epoxy adhesive for customers. Get further details, please contact with Epolab immediately.



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There are various types of end connections that a valve can have. Depending upon the types of applications the valves are being used for, you can choose the right type of end connections. The common types of valve end connections are as follows:


  • Flanged Valve End Connections – These are one of the easiest connections to be installed or uninstalled from a pipeline. These are also one of the most commonly used end connections at present. As these are fastened to the pipe flanges, assembling or disassembling them is quick and easy. These are usually available in sizes from 15mm onwards. An important point to be mentioned about these types of end connections is that they are secured with several bolts. Thus, they ultimately need less tightening torque than what a threaded end connection requires. Hence, flanged end connections can be effectively used for various types of valves.


  • Threaded Valve End Connections – These types of threaded valve end connections are suitable for low pressure piping systems. These are affordable and ensure quick assembly to the users, without any difficulty. In some cases, these connections may be welded around the joint, once they are assembled. However, this is not much in practice as it may cause some troubles in the efficient use of these types of threaded valve end connections.


  • Socket Weld Valve End Connections – These types of connections are socketed so as to have a plain spigot end of the pipe. These are used on valves that are made up of steel, and for such applications that require higher pressure and/or higher temperature in pipelines that do not necessitate repeated disassembling. They ensure leak-proof connections, that too for a long time span.


  • Butt Weld Valve End Connections – These types of end connections are manufactured in such a manner that each end of the valve is bevelled to match with the thickness and bevel on the pipe. After this, the two ends are butted to the pipeline and are welded. They are used on steel valves, and as they have greater strength, they are perfect to be used for such applications that require higher pressure and/or temperature in pipelines. Also, these are ideal for all types of valves, and for use in those areas where repeated dismantling is not required.


You can easily find a reputed and well-known provider of these different types of valve end connections on the internet. Such suppliers have various experts with them, who will help you pick the right products for your preferred areas of application. So, contact the right manufacturer and get the most suitable valve end connections for your use.


Here, I recommend a company to you. That is NICO VALVES CORP... Nico Valve manufacturer provides a variety of valves for you. Its products include gate valve, globe valve, check valve, threaded valve, ball valve, and etc. Learn more details, welcome to visit Nico Valves.


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Mixer Principle


Agitator Mixer is widely used in chemical, paint, food, medicine, building materials, paints, resins, research and other industries. The device may require carbon steel, stainless steel and other materials produced product based on the user’s process, as well as a heating and cooling devices to meet different process and production needs. Heating the form of electric heating jacket, heating coils, the device reasonable structure design, advanced technology, durable, and has simple, easy to use features, is ideal for less investment, faster production and labor saving chemical equipment.


Reactor Principle


Reactor kettle is a physical or chemical reaction, through the structural design and configuration parameters of the container, to achieve the required heating process, evaporation, cooling and low speed mixed function.


What’s The Different?


  1. Cover Structure: the reactor head cover as stirred tank cover often flat cap, semi-open, rarely head form.


  1. Observe Media Way: the reactor through the mixing of endoscopic observation of the autoclave and the reaction stirred tank through a manhole on a semi-open lid or flat lid observation, much larger than the range of the reactor can be observed in the sight glass.


  1. Sealed: Reactor often need to work in a vacuum or under pressure, to install the mechanical seal in order to meet the requirements, then use conventional stirred tank packing can be.


  1. Heating Device: reactor requires heating jacket or coil heating and cooling, namely mixing and mixing process is complete the reaction medium at temperatures accompanied by, But agitator usually only as a simple mixing device ,does not require heating process


  1. Cost: Agitator mixer is simply than reaction kettle. Can directly reflect in the production costs, so the price of the same size reactor is also higher than a mixer.


Above this, the Agitator Mixer is simply structure than reaction kettle and also easy to produce and operation. Both of agitator and reactor can application in liquid materials, and installation method is similar.


If you want to get more information about Agitator Mixer, please do not hesitate to check out the website of King Spark. The company specializes in kinds of hand tools including air sander, air spray gun, pressure tank, air wrench, etc. Get further details, welcome to visit King Spark immediately.



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One of the most standard injection molding machines utilized by injection molders is the horizontal press. In horizontal injection molding machines, the mold opens and closes in a horizontal direction, and the injection unit of the machine follows in a horizontal direction.


Since maintaining heat stabilization is vital for an ideal injection, the sprue bushing stays in contact with the injection unit on horizontal presses. The result means that the process has reduced the amount of excess material, as well as reducing the common defects. Once the molten plastic has been injected into the mold and is ready for ejection, the horizontal press then helps. Since the mold is on a horizontal path once open, gravity assists with ejection of the part causing it to fall from the mold.


With vertical injection molding – the mold will open and close in a vertical direction.  Vertical injection molding machines are primarily used for applications that create finished products that contain two pieces utilizing the concept of over molding or insert molding. With the mold opening in a vertical direction there is easier access to insert substrates and metal inserts. In addition, gravity aids in holding the inserts or substrates in position during mold closing. This also provides easier access to retrieving finished parts, instead of the parts dropping to a conveyor or bin, which is especially useful if the components are fragile.


Vertical injection molding takes advantage of gravity instead of trying to fight it due to the vertical mold alignment. Another advantage of vertical/vertical injection molding machines is the ability to work with multiple molds and simultaneous operations on a rotary turntable by utilizing multiple bottom halves allowing inserts to be loaded in one bottom while the other is molding with the top half. The result is greater efficiency and faster productivity.


Over Molding


The process of over-molding is molding two different plastics one on top of or around the other. The mold must be meticulously designed and the molding process expertly executed. If the balance between the pieces is off – the resulting product will become distorted or fail. The pieces must fit together so it is a single component free of gaps and stress. This results in a single structure that is strong and rigid on the inside yet flexible, colorful and easy to hold on the outside. This makes hand held items ergonomically and aesthetically pleasing and makes products effective with shock absorbency, which can help eliminate noise and vibration. It can also cover sharp corners and edges, and it can increase the longevity of your devices and tools by helping to keep out dust, water and vapor.


Besides adding style – the process can:

  • Add handles to products without grips.
  • Make sleek or coarse surfaces easier to grab.


Insert Molding


Insert molding is a manufacturing process that combines thermoplastic and metal components into a finished part. This involves placing various types of inserts into specially designed molds; the plastic is then injected into the mold, and quickly fills in the features around the insert. This creates an assembled and incorporated component that is ready for use.


Utilizing engineered plastics improve wear resistance, tensile strength, and weight reduction – and metallic materials for both strength and conductivity. This process utilizes methods like over molding, which helps to strengthen the part, and provide resistance to both vibration and shock.


The varieties of inserts that can be molded into plastic components vary widely from:


  • Screws
  • Studs
  • Contacts
  • Clips
  • Pins
  • Rivets
  • Threaded Fasteners
  • Bushings
  • Tubes
  • Magnets


And made from materials such as:


  • Brass
  • Stainless steel
  • Bronze
  • Aluminum
  • Copper
  • Monel and nickel/nickel alloy


Insert molded components are used in housings, instruments, knobs, devices and electrical component for a wide array of applications in the medical, defense, aerospace, electronics, industrial and consumer markets.


Get more information about injection molding machines please do not miss the website of MULTIPLAS Enginery Co., Ltd. – the company specializes in a variety of plastic injection moulding machines. If you have any interest, welcome to check out MULTIPLAS product pages.



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So far you have been explained in detail the uses of pipe cutters, the features, and pieces of advice regarding the bestsellers have been provided after evaluating each pipe cutter vigilantly, and finally, you have been told what features you need to observe while making a purchase.


If you are a regular customer, you would probably know it as experience speaks for itself. However, this page is immensely useful for newcomers.


All you need to know is that a pipe cutting instrument is a device used to cut pipes or tubes, and it is a need in numerous businesses and workshops. Pipe cutters are used by a wide range of individuals; from plumbers to engineers. They not only rely on the pipe cutters to carry out their everyday tasks but are fond of modern models of pipe cutters launching all-round the year.


Pipe cutters are used to cut pipes to the desired length at installation or for repair work and are perfect for removing damaged segments of the pipe before replacing it. Before the invention of pipe cutters, a hacksaw was widely used for this purpose.


A hacksaw is a handy tool having a metal frame and a thin blade. It has been used for cutting the pipes since a long time and could be found in every garage and a homeowner’s toolbox. However, as it has a thin blade, cutting through thick metals was extremely difficult, and the blade could break or get damaged. Moreover, its design reflects that it has been assembled particularly for thin metals and plastic and as the blade is open it can lead to unforeseeable accidents. Therefore, it gave birth to the need of strong pipe cutters.


Modern pipe cutters can fulfill all the weaknesses traditional hacksaws had and are very simple to use.


The sort of metal the pipe is made up of figures out if a pipe cutting instrument or a hacksaw can be used. While a hacksaw can cut any size of a pipe made of most plastics and metals, pipe cutters are more constrained in where they can be utilized. In contrast with using a hacksaw to cut a pipe, a pipe cutter exhibits a few points of interest: Flawlessly straight and clean cuts can be obtained using these and is likewise quicker and more efficient.


Pipe cutters today have sharp cutting wheels which penetrate through the pipes as they are rotated. With each 360 degrees rotation, the cutting wheel is engraved more into the pipe, chopping thinner pipes in just a few rotations and hard metal ones a little later. Similarly, power pipe cutters are even more convenient to use as they are driven by batteries which propel the cutting wheel and enables them to slice the pipe within seconds!


These pipe cutters are of immense importance to professionals as it allows them to work quickly. Pipe cutters leave no sawdust to contaminate your pipe work, they also give a cleaner cut, and they are highly safe to use as they are designed to fit around the pipe hence the blade is not exposed directly to the user, and there is a minimum possibility of the user getting hurt.


A hacksaw can still be used to cut pipes, however using a pipe cutter can be a great deal instead because of all the advantages mentioned above. While we use an instrument, all of us wish that it lasts longer and the performance does not deteriorate therefore you need to look after your pipe cutters and do the repairs and maintenance frequently.


First of all, you need to keep it safe indoors so that it remains protected from any possible damage. Although pipe cutters are usually made up of corrosion-resistant materials, it is always better to take the precautions.


Furthermore you are advised to disassemble it once in a while to clean off the deposition of dirt inside to ensure that it works at its best for a longer time and in case of single-handed pipe cutters you also have to be careful about their plastic body because if it gets damaged, the metal interior will get exposed and it may corrode over time.


These safety measures will help your pipe cutters perform consistently and would prove to be a source of convenience for you for a longer period!


If you are looking for high quality Tube Cutters and Pipe Cutters, Maxclaw will be your best choice! Maxclaw is the professional manufacturer of specializing in kinds of tube tools. Get more information about tubing cutter series, feel free to send inquiries or contact with Maxclaw.



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A typical industrial converter basically consists of an AC/DC section (to convert the AC voltage of the grid into a DC voltage) and a DC/AC section either at variable frequency (motor drive) or fixed frequency (generators or UPS).


These two parts are connected through a DC bus (link circuit) where capacitors are required in order to filter the high frequency components (DC Link Capacitors).


Most Important Requirements For These Capacitors Are:


  • Capability to withstand high currents at frequencies above 1000 Hz;
  • High energy density (Joule/dm3).


Electrolytic Capacitors Banks Are Used Up To A Voltage Of 2000V, But Their Limits Are:


  • Maximum working voltage across each capacitor limited to about 450÷500V;
  • Maximum current, especially at high frequency, limited by the high ESR (Equivalent Series Resistance) typical of this technology.


For these reasons, in general, Electrolytic Capacitors have to be connected in series/parallel to form banks able to withstand the voltages and the currents required by the application.


Polypropylene film capacitors are able to overcome these limits and in most cases they are able to replace favorably electrolytic capacitors in applications where the voltage is above 500Vdc.


Main Advantages Of Metallized Film Capacitor Are:


  • High current per capacitance (A/?F);
  • High voltage per element;
  • High capability to withstand over voltages up to 2 times the rated voltage;
  • More than 10 years estimated lifetime in the temperature range -25/+70 °C;
  • Easy connections and low equivalent inductance;
  • Non polar dielectric;
  • No leakage of dangerous or poisonous electrolytes.


If you have any interest in polypropylene film capacitors or other capacitors, you can try to check out the website of Zonkas Electronic Co., Ltd. – the company specializes in a variety of capacitors and inductors. Get more information about Zonkas products please do not hesitate to send inquiry to them.



Article Source: ICAR.COM


Motorbike engine oil is added to a motorbike’s engine for several reasons. The first is obvious, motorbike oil acts as a lubricant to ensure your engine operates correctly, with almost no metal to metal contact – everything is coated in a thin film of oil. Motorbike engine oil also has several other important tasks to do. One such task is to circulate throughout the engine to cool engine parts that do not get near a water jacket.


Motorcycle piston rings do not perfectly seal, & by-products of combustion such as particles of carbon will slip past into the engine. In a motorcycle’s engine, these carbon particles can cause a lot of damage. Motorbike oil holds these carbon particles in suspension until the oil filter can grab them. Finally, motorcycles engines get internal build ups of tars, waxes, and other gunk. Motorbike engine oil keeps the bike’s engine clean by dissolving and removing these.


It is for these reasons that it is important to check your motorbikes oil levels regularly as not only does having a good level of oil improve the performance of the bikes engine it will also keep it healthy thus extending the bikes life expectancy.


Choosing The Right Motorbike Engine Oil

Using the right oil is just as important as having oil in the engine as there are so many different types of oils on the market. Oils designed for automotive engines should not be used in motorcycles and you should seek out specialized motorbike oil where possible.


There are some special considerations to consider when choosing the right motorbike oil for your bike.


  1. Wet Clutches – in a motorbike clutch the oil flows through the clutch and if the motorbike oil used has too much molybdenum, this can cause the clutch to start slipping. For this reason, users should avoid energy conserving motorbike oils as these contain friction modifier additives which cause clutch slipping. 0w-20 and 5w-30 oils should not be used in a motorcycle.


  1. Sporadic Use – people who use their motorcycles only sporadically might see that the oil has drained into the sump, leaving no protective film in the engine. This can cause the next start to be particularly hard on the engine. The film strength is very important in the motorbike oil for bikes that are only used sporadically. Synthetic motorbike oil will have much higher film strength than petroleum oil. This will cause the oil to take longer to drain off the engine into the sump.


Key Advantages To Using Synthetic Oils:

  • A higher viscosity index than mineral base oils.
  • Better resistance to thinning at high temperatures and thickening at low temperatures.
  • Longer lasting in service without radical changes in viscosity.


To help you with choosing the right oil, you can try to send inquiry to Min June Hong. The company specializes in kinds of oil and lubricants. You can find motorcycle lubricants, agricultural lubricants, synthetic lubricant, MoS2 Grease, fuel injector cleaner, and so on products on their site. Do not hesitate to contact with Min June Hong to get the best oil for your motorbike.


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How to Choose the Right Jogging Socks

On March 31, 2018, in Health, Manufacturer, Sport, by Jasmie K.

Jogging Socks?


Yes, these are socks made specifically for runners. What makes them different from your typical casual socks is that they are designed to keep your feet dry and comfortable while jogging for prolonged periods of time.


When you run, especially if you sweat a lot (who doesn’t), it’s crucial to equip your feet and your shoes with socks that are comfortable, functional, durable, even fashionable (if you are into that).


The Importance of Jogging Socks


Oh, let me assume you. Socks are not a second-thought accessory. In fact, picking the right jogging socks is just as important as choosing the right shoes. Not only can the proper socks improve your running performance, but can also help keep your feet healthy and happy.


An ill-fitting pair of socks can result in toenail problems, bursitis, blisters, infections, and other serious foot issues that may compromise your running. And you don’t want any of that.


Whether you are going for a short jog around the block, or are conquering long, treacherous trails, the right pair can set the stage for a comfortable, pain-free workout experience.


In short, jogging sucks without the right socks.


And here is the good news. Buying jogging socks is not rocket science.


That’s why today, dear reader, I’m spilling the beans on proper sock selection. In this post, you’ll find a list of handy tips and practical guidelines to help you make the right sock choice.


Use the following tips to help you choose jogging socks that will help your feet dry and comfortable so you can ensure consistent running success.


So, are you excited? Then here we go.


The Many Flavors


Athletic socks come in a variety of fabric types, sizes, thicknesses, and cushioning features. These are the main things to consider when selecting the right jogging socks.


Consider the following elements when choosing your jogging socks.


  1. Say No to Cotton

The most important factor to consider when cherry-picking socks for running is, hands down, the material.


As a rule of thumb, steer clear of cotton the entire time.


Why? Cotton is spongy and absorbent. Once your feet get wet (whether due to sweat or after stepping in a puddle), they’ll stay wet, and the moisture won’t get “wicked away.”


And here is the real bad news. Running in damp socks sets the ideal breeding ground for bacteria (nasty smells), and blisters (nagging injuries). And you don’t want either.


Not only that, running in the winter with cotton socks will make you feel damp and cold. And that makes for a miserable run.


Sure, cotton is cheaper than technical moisture-wicking synthetic materials, but the proper technical running attire is well worth the extra buck.


Functional Materials for the Socks

Our feet are a work of wonder. They contain about 250,000 sweat glands. Put simply, our feet sweat a lot. That’s why you need running socks made with technical materials, lightweight and equipped with excellent sweat wicking properties.


High-performance socks are specifically designed for runners—they pull moisture away from the skin, and won’t let it turn into an abrasive material that will rub against your feet—all of this helps keep your feet relatively comfortable and dry.


Ideal running socks are made from synthetic materials such as acrylic, CoolMax, and polyester. Look for these in the ingredient list whenever you are purchasing new socks. Some high-performance socks are also designed with a mesh venting system.


Also, consider looking for fabrics with anti-odor properties to keep your feet clean and smelling fresh.


Got Any Blisters?


If you’re prone to blisters, consider doing any of the following to limit friction between your feet and the inside of the shoes:


  • Opt for anti-blister socks that have a double layer system; or
  • Wear a second layer sock for extra blister protection; or
  • Go for thicker socks.


  1. The Right Size

When running, it’s essential to have athletic socks that fit properly. Pair that’s too large or too small can bunch up and sag, and won’t provide you with the right cushioning that is required.


It also should not irritate your skin, nor leave a substantial imprint, particularly in the calves or ankles.


So, as a rule of thumb, avoid socks that bunch up and slip your shoes. Anytime you have something rubbing against your skin, especially if your skin is damp, you run a high risk of getting painful blisters. And you don’t want that.


Your socks must be a perfect fit, especially under the arch of the foot and around the heel. They shouldn’t slide around.


To make sure you have the right size, make sure that the heel portion of the socks perfectly lands on your heel without stretching.


Also, your jogging socks should be worn fairly tight to the skin, but not so tight that they overstretch or restrict the movement of your toes.


  1. The Many Lengths

In general, socks usually come in four different lengths. Which length you go for depends on the weather, training intensity, and your own personal preferences.


Here the main types:


  • Knee length—usually compression socks that sit just below the knee to cover the entire calf
  • Crew length—these come up to the calf.
  • Anklet—these sit right above the ankle, as the name implies.
  • Socklet—these sit just above the shoe line.


  1. Thickness of Fabric

Just like thickness and size, jogging socks are also designed with different levels of padding. Different athletic sock materials and styles will provide different levels of cushioning.


Which type of sock you choose depends, as always, on your personal preference. No suit fits all.


Thick Vs Thin

Thick socks typically have extra padding in the heel and toes, which offers superior underfoot comfort, more cushioning, and blister protection, but might be a hurdle when trying to fit into a new pair.


In general, thicker socks are most appropriate for cooler seasons.


On the other hand, the thinner socks are lighter and tend to have a better road feel, but might result in excessive friction when running, especially if you’re prone to blisters.


Generally, thin socks are ideal for hotter seasons.


What’s the Best Choice?

Whether you choose a well-padded sock, or something more minimal, in the end, it all boils down to your personal preference.


For instance, super thin socks might not feel comfortable for some individuals, whereas a super thick pair might affect the fit and comfort of the shoes.


But all in all, choose socks that have at least a degree of padding at all points of contact around the foot. Proper socks should offer a degree of cushioning at impact zones. These are typically most used and abused parts of your feet.


Try it with the shoes

Keep in mind that the thickness of your sock affects the fit of your shoes, requiring you to go up at least a half shoe size to accommodate for the additional cushioning.


So, when you are trying out a new pair of shoes, make sure to do so with the socks you are going to be running in.


  1. Compression Socks

According to the current theory, compression socks may speed up recovery and improve performance.


Of course, there is still much debate about this, but it’s something I think you should give it a try and see for you. I believe that it works.


I don’t know exactly how effective compression socks really are when it comes to performance and recovery, but I do enjoy putting them on both during and after my runs—especially long runs.


Compression socks are designed with gradual compression, which improves blood flow to the muscles. This is believed to lessen muscle fatigue and speed up recovery following a workout.


Some high-tech running socks are designed to mildly compress your muscles to enhance blood circulation, reducing fatigue, and speed up recovery time—all of which can help you run farther for longer and with less fatigue, and soreness.


Also, according to theory, compression socks may reduce your chances of injury and ward off muscle soreness and swelling.


Just make sure they fit right. Compression socks shouldn’t feel too tight. After all, their primary purpose is to aid blood circulation to the muscles rather than hindering it.


To ensure that you have the right fit, get a tape measure, measure around the broadest part of your ankle (this measurement is often called the circumference), then measure the widest part of your calves.


Next, while sitting on a chair with your knees bent at a 90-degree angle, size up your calf length by measuring the distance from one finger below the bend in your knees to the ground.


Last up, match your results against the size guide and recommendations on the individual socks’ pages.


Also, you might need to experiment with several brands and styles before settling on one that feels the most comfortable for you.


To Conclude

But in the end, it’s really a question of personal preference. That’s why you need to experiment with different socks lengths and sizes to find the type of socks that works the best for you in different seasons and conditions.


My best advice is to get a variety of socks. By doing so, you’ll be better prepared for any circumstance or weather conditions that come your way.


If you need more information about jogging socks or other athletic socks, try to check out the website of Footland Inc. – the company specializes in kinds of socks including waterproof socks, mountaineering socks, seamless running socks, and much more socks.


Article Source: Runners Blueprint


Common Types of Pneumatic Valves

On March 30, 2018, in Manufacturer, Valves & Pumps, by Jasmie K.

Pneumatic valves are one of an array of components responsible for controlling the pressure, rate, and amount of air as it moves through a pneumatic system. Pneumatic systems, which depend on the force of compressed air to transmit power, can be found in countless industrial applications, from pneumatic pressure power tools to diesel engines. Based on other components within a given application and the type of pneumatic system used, one of several types of pneumatic valves may be found at the heart of the device. Functional directional control valves, those that control the direction of air flow or inhibit flow all together, are a large class of pneumatic valves that houses multiple variants.


Functional Directional Control Valves


Many functional directional pneumatic control valves are classified based on the number of entry and exit ports they possess, the number of flow paths they create, and the mechanism by which ports are opened and closed.


Two-Way Directional Valve


A two-way directional valve passes air in two directions, through two ports which can be open or closed. If the valve ports are closed no air can flow through the valve. If the ports are open, air may move from the first port through the valve and through the second port or in the opposite direction.


Three-Way Directional Valve


A three-way directional valve has three ports, each of which serves a different purpose. The first port is used to connect the valve to an actuator or another device. The second port is connected to an air-flow. The third port is used as an exhaust exit. When the first and second ports are open and the third is closed, air moves through the valve to the device. When the first and third ports are open and the second port is closed, the actuator can vent exhaust.  Three-way valves are often connected to actuators in cylinders, or used in pairs and connected to double-acting cylinders.


Four-Way Directional Valves


A four-way directional valve has four distinct ports, two of which connect to actuators, one that connects to a pressurized air-flow, and one that serves as an exhaust pathway. They are among the most common types of valves found in pneumatic systems because the four distinct paths allow the valve to effectively reverse the motion of a motor or basic cylinder. An additional port is sometimes added to a four-way valve, making it a five-ported four-way valve. A four-way valve with an additional port is often used to provide dual pressure, meaning the valve can apply one of two kinds of pressure and alternate between the two depending on what the application requires. Alternatively, the valve can use the other port as a secondary exhaust port.


Spring Offset


This type of pneumatic valve classification refers to the manner in which air-flow direction is switched. For example, in a two-way directional valve, the valve is either open (air-flow is enabled) or closed (air-flow is prevented). In order for each port to assume an open or close position, an actuator moves a valve spool into position. To release the valve spool and return the pneumatic valve to its previous position, a spring releases the spool. A two-way directional valve that functions in this manner is also called a spring offset valve.


Resting State: Open v. Closed


In two-way directional spring offset valves, there are two positions they can assume when the connected actuator isn’t active: open or closed. In devices where an open resting position is standard, air moves freely through the valve. In a closed resting state, the air-flow is blocked. In three-way valves, one port is always open. In such cases, a closed resting state usually results in blocking the air-flow port, so pressure isn’t moving unless the device is turned on.


If you need more information about directional control valves and more pneumatic valves, welcome to check out the website of Ashun Fluid Power Co., Ltd. – the company specializes in kinds of valves and cylinders. You can find modular valves, directional control valves, pressure control valves, flow control valves, lift hydraulic cylinder and more products here. Get further details please feel free to send inquiry to Ashun.


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